الماس خون آلود؛ منابع طبیعی افغانستان و تجاربی که از کشور زیمبابوی باید آموخت
در این رساله تلاش شده است تا یک نگاه اجمالی از منابع طبیعی و مسایل پیرامون آن ارائه گردد. بخش اول به تعریف مفاهیم و توضیح چارچوبهای نظری و تشریح چالشها و مشکلات فرایند بهرهبرداری از منابع طبیعی اختصاص یافته است. منابع طبیعی چیست؟ چه فرصتها و مشکلات ناشی از منابع طبیعی در سیاستگذاریهای کلان مهماند و باید لحاظ شوند، مباحث محوری این بخش را تشکیل میدهند. در بخش دوم، معدن الماس «مارانگه» کشور زیمبابوی معرفی گردیده است. زیمبابوی کشوری است که سالها درگیر مشکلات ناشی از بهرهبرداری ناسالم منابع طبیعی بوده و بهطور خاص سردچار آسیبهای جدی است که در اثر استخراج معادن بهوجود آمده است. در بخش سوم، بررسی گذرایی داریم به منابع طبیعی در افغانستان. چه زمینهها و چالشهایی در رویارویی با موضوع استفاده از منابع طبیعی افغانستان وجود دارد؟ اهمیت و ارزش منابع طبیعی این کشور در چه حد است؟تبیین و فهم تجربه بهرهبرداری از منابع طبیعی در زیمبابوی و نوع مواجهه با مشکلات و چالشهای فزاینده اجتماعی، سیاسی و اقتصادی متاثر از آن، ما را کمک خواهد کرد تا مسایل مرتبط با بهرهبرداری از منابع طبیعی را در کل و معادن را بهطور خاص بیشتر بشناسیم و با مسوولیتها و پیامدهای آن آگاهی بیشتر پیدا نماییم.
Request for Application (RFA)
Release date: 1/May/2013
Closing date: 20/June/2013
Project title: Women's Participation and Mobilization in Afghanistan's Political Transition
Implementer: Afghanistan Watch
Project duration: Jan/2013 - Dec/2013
Thematic Area: Kabul, Kandahr, Mazr-e-shareef, Herat, Nangarhar, Badakhshan and Bamyan
In Afghanistan, the issue of women's rights and gender equality is a very challenging and sensitive subject. While women have made many political advances in Afghanistan in the last ten years, the current circumstances threaten to roll back many, if not all, of the recent improvements. Current trends indicate that the political settlement that occurs is likely to include major concessions to insurgent actors, particularly the Taliban, which could precipitate a serious retreat on women's rights from the current progress.
Transparent, Accountable and Sustainable Governance of Natural Resources
Civil Society Natural Resources Monitoring Network (CSNRMN)
Saturday 26 May 2013
Kabul - In recognition of growing importance of the natural resources, in particular the extractive sector, in future economy of Afghanistan, the Civil Society Natural Resources Monitoring Network (CSNRMN) calls upon the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan for more meaningful and constructive engagement between the government and the civil society and local communities.
The network was formed in January 2013 after a series of deliberations and discussions between Afghan and international civil society organizations. The network consists of more than 20 Afghan civil society organizations and pursues the goal of promoting effective, transparent, balanced, sustainable, peaceful utilization of natural resources for economic and social development of Afghanistan.
As a follow-up of the 9 December 2012 letter of Afghan and international civil society organizations to his Excellency Mr. Shahrani, the Minister of Mines, once again we draw attention to the following priorities in the sector.
The network appreciates and welcomes the recognition by the Ministry of Mines of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan of the importance of civil society and the role it can play in peaceful, sustainable and equitable utilization of Afghanistan’s extractive resources. In this respect, the network calls for constructive dialogue with the relevant officials on the following key issues:
Civil Society Natural Resources Monitoring Network Monthly Meeting
The Civil Society Natural Resources Monitoring Network (CSNRMN) monthly meeting was held in Afghanistan Watch on 12 May 2013.
The meeting was opened by remarks from Jalil Benish, the director of Afghanistan Watch. He talked about the general activity of the network so far and its future activities. The agenda of the meeting included discussion over an imminent press conference by the network on the issues related to natural resources, the network’s forthcoming plans, Global Witness’s letter for the London conference, and establishing a resource center, webpage, for the network as well as formulation of a strategic plan that will guide network’s future activities.
The members of the network have agreed for a press conference to be held on 23rd May 2013 in which the network will provide all the facts on natural resources and the current extraction practices, concessions of the mines to the companies, concerns of the local communities in the areas where extraction of mines occur, unemployment caused by the closure of mines, and unequal implementation of the principles of the local and infrastructure development as part of the contracts of the extraction of natural resources. According to a recent research carried out by Afghanistan Watch, the closure of Killij and Ashpishta mines in Bamyan Province caused by its concession to MCC Company have left thousands of miners and laborers unemployed. Highlighting such concerns and issues related to the negotiation process, corruption, political linkages, and disclosure of the contracts in a press conference will make sure transparency is observed in the mining sector. HBS which is an observer member, has also recommended that holding such press conference to share the networks findings on the natural resources will have a huge impact on the society to remain informed of the ongoing process of extraction of natural resources in the country. The network members have agreed on the following points to be highlighted during the network’s press conference.
Reconciliation with Taliban and the role of media and civil society organizations
In its series of seminar regarding important political and social issues in Afghanistan, the Afghanistan Watch has held a seminar on reconciliation with Taliban and the role of media and civil society organizations. The seminar was held with participation of political experts, representative from civil society organizations, media outlets and non-government organization.
Civil Society Organizations Meeting to Assess the Situation of Mining in Afghanistan
A number of civil society organizations in Afghanistan in a one-day meeting have assessed challenges and opportunities in regards with the extraction of mines in Afghanistan. The meeting took place on 15th January 2013 in Kabul with the participation of more than 30 representatives from various civil society organizations and NGOs.
Transition Process and the Role of Media
Afghanistan Watch Second Conference with Civil Societies and Media representatives
As part of its efforts to collect and analyze Afghan media coverage of key current issues facing Afghanistan, Afghanistan Watch held its second conference on ‘Media and Transition Process’. The conference was held on 25 December at Afghanistan Watch Headquarter in Kabul. Afghanistan Watch’s media monitoring project publishes the ‘Truth’ a monthly publication contains news and analysis extracted from the Afghan print media on four areas: prospects for political transition, reconciliation with the armed opposition groups, human rights, and corruption.
The main speakers at the meeting were Fauzia Kofi, the Chair of Women Affairs, Civil Society and Human Rights Commission of the Lower House of the National Assembly of Afghanistan and Sediqullah Tawhidi, the Head of Afghanistan Media Watch at Nai supporting free media in Afghanistan.
Caught Between Past and Present: Consultation with Victims of Three Massacres in Afghanistan: 15 March 1979 Herat, February 1993 Afshar and August 1998 Balkh
December 9, 2012, Kabul Afghanistan: A new report released by Afghanistan Watch today shows that the victims of war in Afghanistan call for justice and accountability perpetrated during the years of war and conflict in Afghanistan. The report is based on interviews with 1349 victims of violence and human rights abuses in the provinces of Kabul, Balkh and Herat. The views expressed by the victims are representative examples of the concerns and demands of the victims of some of the worst atrocities in three different phases of the war in three different regions of Afghanistan.
In a remarkable indication of deep wounds caused by crimes of the past, 95.59 % of those interviewed in Herat, 95.74% in Balkh and 99.78% in Kabul believed the past was continuing to impact the present. Similarly, an absolute majority of 98.69% in Kabul, 97.53% in Balkh and 76.88%in Herat said they wanted justice for what had happen to them or their family members.
Transition Seminar Series; Lessons Learnt for 2014 Presidential Election
In October 2012, Afghanistan Watch and the Afghan Analyst Network (AAN) jointly initiated a Transition Seminar Series to provide an opportunity for constructive debate between Afghans and international community on important aspects of the ongoing transfer of security responsibility from international to Afghan security forces currently scheduled to be completed by 2014.
Research Indicates Natural Resources Are a Major Source of Conflict in Afghanistan
KABUL, AFGHANISTAN. A new study on natural resources and conflict in Afghanistan indicates that throughout the country natural resources are driving violence. The report, authored by researcher Renard Sexton and released this week by Afghanistan Watch, details seven recent case studies of natural resource conflicts in Afghanistan, and analyzes major trends in the sector and their implications for Afghanistan›s transition.
Assessment of the Media Activities Regarding Prospects of Political Transition, Human Rights and Justice, Corruption, and Reconciliation with anti-government opponents
The first quarterly meeting of Truth Newsletter was held on 29th August 2012 to assess Afghan media in regards with prospects of political transition, corruption, justice and human rights and reconciliation with Taliban and evaluation contents of Truth Newsletter. The meeting was held at the HQ of Afghanistan Watch in Kabul.
Civil society to play a key role in building peace in natural resource sector
KABUL, AFGHANISTAN. Natural resources are a growing source of conflict in Afghanistan and the role of civil society in building peace in the sector is key, agreed forty representatives of civil society organizations (CSOs) in Kabul. In a workshop convened by Afghanistan Watch and the Heinrich Boell Stiftung to discuss the pressing issue of land, water and extractives conflicts, there was unanimous support for a robust engagement by civil society in building awareness, doing additional research and pushing for policy changes to help prevent and resolve resource conflicts.
Negotiation with Insurgents in the Afghan Print Media
In this report, the perspectives of various social, political and civil society groups on negotiation and reconciliation with the insurgents, as reflected in Kabul publications, are categorized and analyzed. This research showed that political reconciliation with armed opposition groups in Afghanistan has been the subject of a number of objections and concerns raised by different groups of diverse views. The most significant criticisms of talks with the insurgents include:
View Points [Series 1]: Political Settlement and Negotiation with Taliban
The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is attempting to tackle the issue of negotiation and reconciliation with the armed opponents of the government. Despite criticism from other opposition groups, the government has taken a number of steps, one of most important actions being the formation of the “High Council of Peace” in 2010. The deterioration of the security situation, including spiraling terrorist attacks, the start of foreign forces’ withdrawal from Afghanistan, and economic concerns all render this discussion of reconciliation particularly important and serious.
Discussion on Political Settlement Offers No Quick Solutions
KABUL, AFGHANISTAN. Diverging views and growing skepticism regarding the current situation of political settlement and governance in Afghanistan marked a lively roundtable hosted by the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) at Afghanistan Watch last Monday. An array of seventeen experienced Afghan and international participants voiced a distinct ambivalence about the role of the international community in Afghanistan, and questioned whether time has simply run out.
"Political settlement must be inclusive and decisive," remarked one participant, "and so far there has been little indication from the US, the Afghan government, the Taliban or anyone else that it will be so." "The people in Washington clearly want out as quickly as possible; there are political calculations being made there as well," another participant added.